A City Behind Walls
Red Fort, also known as Agra Fort, is a UNESCO World Heritage site located in Agra, India. Red Fort has been used for military purposes in past and present as well. Indian military is still actively using Red Fort as base in Agra so half of the fort is not open for public viewing. Originally, the Red Fort had more than 500 buildings but Mughals and then Britishers destroyed almost all of them. Only 30 buildings survived the hammer.
Red Fort, the original fort known as Badalgarh, was a brick fort. Which was used by Rajput Kings as resident palace around 1048A.D.
Then later on Red Fort became the home of Sikandar Lodi who shifted his capital from Delhi to Agra. Almost all of great Mughal Emperors have lived here starting from Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and even Aurangzeb.
During this period the Red Fort was used to as head quarter by Mughals to rule the India. Other interesting fact is when the Mughals won the war and took control over the Red Fort, they found the diamond known as "Kohinoor" in it's massive treasure. The architecture of Agra Fort is only one of the few examples of mixed Hindu and Muslim architecture. You can see various animals images on the wall along with a temple inside the Red Fort itself.
Summarized Historical Information About Agra Fort
- Where is the Red Fort located? Very close to the Taj Mahal in Agra.
- Who built Agra Fort? The current red sandstone fort was built by Akbar. However the original fort, known as Badalgarh, was build by Rajputs.
- When was the Agra Fort built? The current red sandstone fort was built in 1573. However the original brick fort was standing and used by Rajputs in 1080 A.D.
- Why was the Red Fort built? For residential and military purposes.
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Getting to Agra Fort
Red Fort is situated very close to the Taj Mahal. One could just take a rickshaw to get there. It should not cost you more than 10Rs per person. If you are travelling by your own car I will suggest you leave your vehicle in the Taj Mahal parking as the parking which is way better than Red Fort parking. Anyways if you take your car to Red Fort eventually you will be paying parking fees again.
Opening Time: All days from sun rise to sun set.
Tickets: 20Rs for Indian and 520Rs for foreigner.