Jallianwala Bagh, located a stone throw distance from the Golden Temple, is a site of massacre which took place during the British rule of India. On 13 April, 1919 a British army officer, General Reginald Dyer, later got infamous as Butcher of Amritsar ordered open fire on a peaceful civilian gathering including women and children.
The soldiers, on his command, fired until their guns ran dry, killing hundreds of innocent people. Till date you can see the bullet holes in the park's wall. There is a martyrs well located in the park in which women jumped with their children to save them from the bullets but eventually died by drowning.
Going to Jallianwala Bagh will definitely give you a better perspective about Indian independence struggle. All information about Amritsar massacre is very well documented.
Indian government efforts should be applauded for maintaining this piece of our history. The signs are extremely detailed and educational. You don't need any guide to tell you the painful story. Just walk around and you will have a very good understanding of it's horrible past.
I never felt the pain related to this tragedy during my history classes but literally standing at this very place makes you feel bad about those who lost their lives here. You start to imagine the moment when women and children, which were gathered to celebrate Basakhi festival, jumped into the well. And it comes like shock to know that both Michael and Reginald Dyer, culprits of this mass homicide, walked away without any government punishment.
Jallianwala Bagh Images
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Although it is normal to hear that General Dyer was assassinated by an Indian revolutionary, Udham Singh, in order to take revenge for Amritsar Massacre. Well it was Lieutenant Governor Michael O'Dwyer, not General Reginald Dyer, who was killed by Udham Singh in the London.
Michael O'Dwyer was the person who got the platform set for Reginald Dyer to kill people. And it feels great to hear that he was killed by Udham Singh else he would go unpunished like Reginald Dyer.
The current generation of Reginald Dyer family gathered at the Jallianwala Bagh and apologized for the wrong doing of their grandfather. They should be applauded for accepting that killing innocent people was a grave sin.
It is situated very close to the Golden Temple. Actually, the taxi will drop you at the police check post way before the Golden Temple and you will have to walk around 5 mins from the dropping point to reach Golden Temple. Jallianwala Bagh is on the way to Golden Temple from the dropping point.